Capital Structure Templates

Use one of our capital structure templates to determine the optimal capital structure for your company and maximize its profitability!
Weighted Average Cost of Capital (WACC) Excel Model Template
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Weighted average cost of capital (WACC) is the required return a company should generate for the risk associated with investing…
Cost of Debt Excel Calculator
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The Cost of Debt Excel Calculator can be useful for debtholders and creditors. The cost of debt is the return…
Cost of Equity Excel Calculator
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This Cost of Equity Excel Calculator can be a useful tool for prospective investors. The cost of equity is the required…
Series A Preferred Share Analysis
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The template analysis the return profile a Series A Preferred Shares Investment. The comprehensive analysis evaluates the impact of a…
Cost of Preferred Stock Excel Calculator
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This cost of preferred stock excel calculator lets you calculate the cost of preferred shares, given the stock price and…

Capital Structure Templates and Excel Models

What is Capital Structure

Capital structure is the proportion of debt and equity capital used to finance its assets, capital expenditures, acquisitions, investments, and daily operation. A common way to express the capital structure is by using leverage ratios such as the debt-to-equity ratio and debt-to-capital ratio.

Optimal Capital Structure

There are trade-offs between raising debt and equity to fund the business, and companies need to determine the optimal capital structure based on several criteria:

1. Weighted average cost of capital (WACC): WACC is the minimum rate of return a company must earn before generate value. This rate is calculated using a blended cost of capital across all sources including common shares, preferred shares, and debt. An optimal capital structure should result in the lowest WACC for the firm.

2. Risk and expected return: Debt investors expect a lower rate of return compared to equity investor for the lower risk they have to take. A firm has a lower cost of capital when it issues debt. On the other hand, equity investors take more risk because they only receive the residual value after debt investors claim their portion. Equity investors receive a higher rate of return, resulting in a great implied cost of equity when company issues equity than debt.